What is ISO Certification? Full Form and Features

ISO Certification: Friends, some standards have been set by the government and some international organizations for all the things we buy in the market. Let us tell you that whenever an item or product is brought to the market for sale after being made in the factory, then the product has to go through all kinds of standard tests before entering the market, where the quality, safety ( Security) and Efficiency are checked and after all are found in the test, the product is given ISO Certificate by ISO.

But friends do you know what is ISO, how it works, how ISO affects our life. In today’s article, we are going to talk about all these things. If you also want to get information related to ISO, then you must read this article till the end.


What is ISO certification

What is ISO Certification?

ISO Full Name International Organization for Standardization
Official Foundation23 February 1947
Old NameInternational Federation of the National Standardizing Associations (ISA)
HeadquartersGeneva, Switzerland
(Membership)number of member countries167 countries
(39 Correspondents and 4 Subscribers)
Official LanguageEnglish, French, Russian
PresidentUlrika Francke
Official Websitewww.iso.org

Know what is ISO?

ISO is a non-governmental International Standards Organization that issues a standard certificate for products, energy management, social work, etc. from industries around the world. This organization has been formed by many countries around the world together. Till now more than 167 countries are members of this ISO organization. Let us tell you that different types of numerical codes have been made for each type of ISO certificate, which are issued for different works and products.

History of ISO

ISO was founded in 1926 as the International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations (ISA), whose main focus was the quality and safety of mechanical engineering products. But in 1942, at the time of World War II, the ISA was dissolved by the United Nations. After this, it was proposed by the United Nations Standards Coordinating Committee (UNSCC) that there should be a Global Standard Body for the standards. After which 25 member countries of ISA and UNSCC signed an agreement for International Organization for Standardization in London. After which ISO officially came into existence on 23 February 1947.

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Structure and organization of ISO:

  • As you know, ISO is a voluntary organization whose members from the standard countries represent their respective countries in the Central Secretariat located in Geneva. The ISO Annual Meeting is held every year in Geneva.
  • The annual budget of ISO’s Central Secretariat in Geneva is determined by the 20 member bodies. These 20 members are representatives of different countries.
  • ISO’s Technical Management Board consists of over 250 technical committees. Which determine and protect the standards of ISO.

Types of ISO Certification

Friends, by the way, more than 10 lakh standard certificates are issued worldwide by ISO. But we are going to provide you information about some important certificates –

Certificate Code Related to Certificate
ISO 1: 2002Geometric Product Specifications (GPS)
ISO 105Textiles – Color fastness tests
ISO 9001 : 2008Quality Management
ISO 18001Safety Management and Occupational Health
ISO 5455Technical Drawings – Scales
ISO 22000:2005Food Safety Management Systems
ISO 50001Energy Management
ISO 20000-1IT Service Management System
ISO 27001:2013Information Security Management System etc.
ISO 29990Learning Services for Non-formal Education & Training
ISO 10012Measure Management System
ISO 8601Time and Date management
ISO 8000Social Responsibility
ISO 37001To control bribery
ISO 639language code
ISO 4217Money code

Certificates awarded by ICS Standards:

1Generalities. Terminology. Standardization. Documentation
3Services. Company organization, management and quality. Administration. Transport. Sociology
7Natural and applied sciences
11Health care technology
13Environment. Health protection. Safety
17Metrology and measurement. Physical phenomena
21Mechanical systems and components for general use
23Fluid systems and components for general use
25Manufacturing engineering
27Energy and heat transfer engineering
29Electrical engineering
33Telecommunications. Audio and video engineering
35Information technology
37Image technology
39Precision mechanics. Jewellery
43Road vehicles engineering
45Railway engineering
47Shipbuilding and marine structures
49Aircraft and space vehicle engineering
53Materials handling equipment
55Packaging and distribution of goods
59Textile and leather technology
61Clothing industry
67Food technology
71Chemical technology
73Mining and minerals
75Petroleum and related technologies
79Wood technology
81Glass and ceramics industries
83Rubber and plastic industries
85Paper technology
87Paint and colour industries
91Construction materials and building
93Civil engineering
95Military affairs. Military engineering. Weapons
97Domestic and commercial equipment. Entertainment. Sports

Certificates offered by TC Standards:

ISO/IEC JTC 1Information technology
ISO/TC 1Screw threads
ISO/TC 2Fasteners
ISO/TC 4Rolling bearings
ISO/TC 5Ferrous metal pipes and metallic fittings
ISO/TC 6Paper, board and pulps
ISO/TC 8Ships and marine technology
ISO/TC 10Technical product documentation
ISO/TC 11Boilers and pressure vessels – STANDBY
ISO/TC 12Quantities and units
ISO/TC 14Shafts for machinery and accessories
ISO/TC 17Steel
ISO/TC 18Zinc and zinc alloys – STANDBY
ISO/TC 19Preferred numbers – STANDBY
ISO/TC 20Aircraft and space vehicles
ISO/TC 21Equipment for fire protection and fire fighting
ISO/TC 22Road vehicles
ISO/TC 23Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry
ISO/TC 24Particle characterization including sieving
ISO/TC 25Cast irons and pig irons
ISO/TC 26Copper and copper alloys
ISO/TC 27Coal and coke
ISO/TC 28Petroleum and related products, fuels and lubricants from natural or synthetic sources
ISO/TC 29Small tools
ISO/TC 30Measurement of fluid flow in closed conduits
ISO/TC 31Tyres, rims and valves
ISO/TC 33Refractories
ISO/TC 34Food products
ISO/TC 35Paints and varnishes
ISO/TC 36Cinematography
ISO/TC 37Language and terminology
ISO/TC 38Textiles
ISO/TC 39Machine tools
ISO/TC 41Pulleys and belts (including veebelts)
ISO/TC 42Photography
ISO/TC 43Acoustics
ISO/TC 44Welding and allied processes
ISO/TC 45Rubber and rubber products
ISO/TC 46Information and documentation
ISO/TC 47Chemistry
ISO/TC 48Laboratory equipment
ISO/TC 51Pallets for unit load method of materials handling
ISO/TC 52Light gauge metal containers
ISO/TC 54Essential oils
ISO/TC 58Gas cylinders
ISO/TC 59Buildings and civil engineering works
ISO/TC 60Gears
ISO/TC 61Plastics
ISO/TC 63Glass containers
ISO/TC 67Oil and gas industries including lower carbon energy
ISO/TC 68Financial services
ISO/TC 69Applications of statistical methods
ISO/TC 70Internal combustion engines
ISO/TC 71Concrete, reinforced concrete and pre-stressed concrete
ISO/TC 72Textile machinery and accessories
ISO/TC 74Cement and lime – STANDBY
ISO/TC 76Transfusion, infusion and injection, and blood processing equipment for medical and pharmaceutical use
ISO/TC 77Products in fibre reinforced cement – STANDBY
ISO/TC 79Light metals and their alloys
ISO/TC 81Common names for pesticides and other agrochemicals
ISO/TC 82Mining
ISO/TC 83Sports and other recreational facilities and equipment
ISO/TC 84Devices for administration of medicinal products and catheters
ISO/TC 85Nuclear energy, nuclear technologies, and radiological protection
ISO/TC 86Refrigeration and air-conditioning
ISO/TC 87Cork
ISO/TC 89Wood-based panels
ISO/TC 91Surface active agents
ISO/TC 92Fire safety
ISO/TC 93Starch (including derivatives and by-products)
ISO/TC 94Personal safety — Personal protective equipment
ISO/TC 96Cranes
ISO/TC 98Bases for design of structures
ISO/TC 100Chains and chain sprockets for power transmission and conveyors
ISO/TC 101Continuous mechanical handling equipment – STANDBY
ISO/TC 102Iron ore and direct reduced iron
ISO/TC 104Freight containers
ISO/TC 105Steel wire ropes
ISO/TC 106Dentistry
ISO/TC 107Metallic and other inorganic coatings
ISO/TC 108Mechanical vibration, shock and condition monitoring
ISO/TC 109Oil and gas burners
ISO/TC 110Industrial trucks
ISO/TC 111Round steel link chains, chain slings, components and accessories
ISO/TC 112Vacuum technology
ISO/TC 113Hydrometry
ISO/TC 114Horology
ISO/TC 115Pumps
ISO/TC 117Fans
ISO/TC 118Compressors and pneumatic tools, machines and equipment
ISO/TC 119Powder metallurgy
ISO/TC 120Leather
ISO/TC 121Anaesthetic and respiratory equipment
ISO/TC 122Packaging
ISO/TC 123Plain bearings
ISO/TC 126Tobacco and tobacco products
ISO/TC 127Earth-moving machinery
ISO/TC 130Graphic technology
ISO/TC 131Fluid power systems
ISO/TC 132Ferroalloys
ISO/TC 133Clothing sizing systems – size designation, size measurement methods and digital fittings
ISO/TC 134Fertilizers, soil conditioners and beneficial substances
ISO/TC 135Non-destructive testing
ISO/TC 136Furniture
ISO/TC 137Footwear sizing designations and marking systems
ISO/TC 138Plastics pipes, fittings and valves for the transport of fluids
ISO/TC 142Cleaning equipment for air and other gases
ISO/TC 145Graphical symbols
ISO/TC 146Air quality
ISO/TC 147Water quality
ISO/TC 148Sewing machines
ISO/TC 149Cycles
ISO/TC 150Implants for surgery
ISO/TC 153Valves
ISO/TC 154Processes, data elements and documents in commerce, industry and administration
ISO/TC 155Nickel and nickel alloys
ISO/TC 156Corrosion of metals and alloys
ISO/TC 157Non-systemic contraceptives and STI barrier prophylactics
ISO/TC 158Analysis of gases
ISO/TC 159Ergonomics
ISO/TC 160Glass in building
ISO/TC 161Controls and protective devices for gas and/or oil
ISO/TC 162Doors, windows and curtain walling
ISO/TC 163Thermal performance and energy use in the built environment
ISO/TC 164Mechanical testing of metals
ISO/TC 165Timber structures
ISO/TC 166Ceramic ware, glassware and glass ceramic ware in contact with food
ISO/TC 167Steel and aluminium structures
ISO/TC 168Prosthetics and orthotics
ISO/TC 170Surgical instruments
ISO/TC 171Document management applications
ISO/TC 172Optics and photonics
ISO/TC 173Assistive products
ISO/TC 174Jewellery and precious metals
ISO/TC 176Quality management and quality assurance
ISO/TC 178Lifts, escalators and moving walks
ISO/TC 180Solar energy
ISO/TC 181Safety of toys
ISO/TC 182Geotechnics
ISO/TC 183Copper, lead, zinc and nickel ores and concentrates
ISO/TC 184Automation systems and integration
ISO/TC 185Safety devices for protection against excessive pressure
ISO/TC 186Cutlery and table and decorative metal hollow-ware
ISO/TC 188Small craft
ISO/TC 189Ceramic tile
ISO/TC 190Soil quality
ISO/TC 191Animal (mammal) traps – STANDBY
ISO/TC 192Gas turbines
ISO/TC 193Natural gas
ISO/TC 194Biological and clinical evaluation of medical devices
ISO/TC 195Building construction machinery and equipment
ISO/TC 197Hydrogen technologies
ISO/TC 198Sterilization of health care products
ISO/TC 199Safety of machinery
ISO/TC 201Surface chemical analysis
ISO/TC 202Microbeam analysis
ISO/TC 204Intelligent transport systems
ISO/TC 205Building environment design
ISO/TC 206Fine ceramics
ISO/TC 207Environmental management
ISO/TC 209Cleanrooms and associated controlled environments
ISO/TC 210Quality management and corresponding general aspects for medical devices
ISO/TC 211Geographic information/Geomatics
ISO/TC 212Clinical laboratory testing and in vitro diagnostic test systems
ISO/TC 213Dimensional and geometrical product specifications and verification
ISO/TC 214Elevating work platforms
ISO/TC 215Health informatics
ISO/TC 216Footwear
ISO/TC 217Cosmetics
ISO/TC 218Timber
ISO/TC 219Floor coverings
ISO/TC 220Cryogenic vessels
ISO/TC 221Geosynthetics
ISO/TC 222Personal financial planning – STANDBY
ISO/TC 224Drinking water, wastewater and stormwater systems and services
ISO/TC 225Market, opinion and social research
ISO/TC 226Materials for the production of primary aluminium
ISO/TC 227Springs
ISO/TC 228Tourism and related services
ISO/TC 229Nanotechnologies
ISO/TC 232Education and learning services
ISO/TC 234Fisheries and aquaculture
ISO/TC 238Solid biofuels
ISO/TC 241Road traffic safety management systems
ISO/TC 244Industrial furnaces and associated processing equipment
ISO/TC 249Traditional Chinese medicine
ISO/TC 251Asset management
ISO/TC 254Safety of amusement rides and amusement devices
ISO/TC 255Biogas
ISO/TC 256Pigments, dyestuffs and extenders
ISO/TC 258Project, programme and portfolio management
ISO/TC 260Human resource management
ISO/TC 261Additive manufacturing
ISO/TC 262Risk management
ISO/TC 263Coalbed methane (CBM)
ISO/TC 264Fireworks
ISO/TC 265Carbon dioxide capture, transportation, and geological storage
ISO/TC 266Biomimetics
ISO/TC 267Facility management
ISO/TC 268Sustainable cities and communities
ISO/TC 269Railway applications
ISO/TC 270Plastics and rubber machines
ISO/TC 272Forensic sciences
ISO/TC 274Light and lighting
ISO/TC 275Sludge recovery, recycling, treatment and disposal
ISO/TC 276Biotechnology
ISO/TC 279Innovation management
ISO/TC 281Fine bubble technology
ISO/TC 282Water reuse
ISO/TC 283Occupational health and safety management
ISO/TC 285Clean cookstoves and clean cooking solutions
ISO/TC 286Collaborative business relationship management
ISO/TC 287Sustainable processes for wood and wood-based products
ISO/TC 289Brand evaluation
ISO/TC 290Online reputation – STANDBY
ISO/TC 291Domestic gas cooking appliances
ISO/TC 292Security and resilience
ISO/TC 293Feed machinery
ISO/TC 295Audit data services
ISO/TC 296Bamboo and rattan
ISO/TC 297Waste collection and transportation management
ISO/TC 298Rare earth
ISO/TC 299Robotics
ISO/TC 300Solid recovered materials, including solid recovered fuels
ISO/TC 301Energy management and energy savings
ISO/TC 304Healthcare organization management
ISO/TC 306Foundry machinery
ISO/TC 307Blockchain and distributed ledger technologies
ISO/TC 308Chain of custody
ISO/TC 309Governance of organizations
ISO/TC 310Child care articles
ISO/TC 312Excellence in service
ISO/TC 313Packaging machinery
ISO/TC 314Ageing societies
ISO/TC 315Cold chain logistics
ISO/PC 316Water efficient products – Rating
ISO/PC 317Consumer protection: privacy by design for consumer goods and services
ISO/TC 319Karst
ISO/TC 321Transaction assurance in E-commerce
ISO/TC 322Sustainable finance
ISO/TC 323Circular economy
ISO/TC 324Sharing economy
ISO/TC 326Machinery intended for use with foodstuffs
ISO/TC 327Natural stones
ISO/TC 328Engineered stones
ISO/PC 329Consumer incident investigation guideline
ISO/TC 330Surfaces with biocidal and antimicrobial properties
ISO/TC 331Biodiversity
ISO/TC 332Security equipment for financial institutions and commercial organizations
ISO/TC 333Lithium
ISO/TC 334Reference materials
ISO/PC 335Guidelines for organizations to increase consumer understanding of online terms and conditions
ISO/TC 336Laboratory design
ISO/PC 337Guidelines for the promotion and implementation of gender equality
ISO/TC 338Menstrual products
ISO/TC 339Small hydropower plants
ISO/TC 340Natural gas fuelling stations
ISO/TC 341Heat supply network

Benefits and Features of ISO:

Having ISO standardization brings various benefits to our products and industries which are as follows –

  • No Poverty: In any country, if industry or business is done according to a fixed standard, then it is beneficial for the economic progress of the country. As you know, if our industries benefit, the country will benefit along with the product of the company. People will get employment opportunities. That’s why people will automatically be poverty free and empowered if they have employment. Due to which poverty will reduce in the country and people will be able to live above poverty.
  • Good Health and Well-Being: Hospitals built according to ISO standards, medical facilities provided to people by medical equipment help people in the treatment of serious diseases. Due to the medical standard of ISO, people can avail better health facilities.
  • Quality Education:
  • Gender Equality:
  • Clean Water and Sanitation
  • Decent Work and Economic Growth
  • Industry, Innovation and infrastructure
  • Reduces Inequalities
  • Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • Responsible Consumption and Production
  • Climate Action
  • Life Below Water
  • Life on Land
  • Peace, Justice and strong Institutions
  • Partnerships for the Goals

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Detailed description of the code form of the ISO international standard:

  • Whenever a product, commodity or industry is given an ISO number code based on its specification, it is written or printed on the top of the product in the form of ISO[/IEC][/ASTM] [IS] nnnnn[:yyyy] Is.
  • Here in the above code nnnn is a fixed standard number issued by ISO. Similarly, in place of yyyy, the year in which the product was made or prepared is recorded.
  • If a company produces a product according to the standard set by the Joint Standard Technical Committee JTC1, then IEC is written on the product instead of ISO.
  • If the product remains incomplete according to some circumstances, then IS is written on that product, which means that this product is not for use.
  • Similarly if a technical report is issued for a product. TR is written in the standard code of that product, for example you can see the code given below –
    • ISO/TR 19033:2000 Technical product documentation — Metadata for construction documentation
    • ISO/IEC TR 17799:2000 Code of Practice for Information Security Management

Application Fee for ISO Certification:

Friends, let us tell you that the application fee for ISO certification also varies according to different organizations. Let us tell you that for the application fee, the International Standards Organization has set various parameters for all these, which are as follows –

  • What is the size of the organization applying for the certification?
  • What is the number of employees working in the organization applying for ISO Certification?
  • What and how much is the management system and complexity of the organization.
  • The important thing for the organization’s certification is whether the working hours of the employees are fixed there or not, in how many working shifts the work is done.

Time taken for ISO certification:

Friends, when an organization applies for ISO certification. So the certificate is given after a thorough investigation by the International Standards Organization, here we are telling you how much time it takes to get the certificate for different organizations –

  • It takes at least 6 to 8 months for ISO certification for small scale industries.
  • It takes at least 8 to 12 months for ISO certification for medium type industries.
  • For large industries, it takes at least 12 to 15 months for ISO certification.

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Rules for choosing Organization for ISO Certification:

Friends, ISO has made some fixed rules for certification of any organization, which are as follows –

  • The applying body should evaluate as Serval Certification bodies.
  • The body receiving the certification must use its own CASCO Standards.
  • The biggest thing for certification is that the organization should be recognized by an authorized organization.

Required documents sought for registration of ISO:

Friends, if you have any business and you want ISO certificate for your company and product, then you must have the following documents –

  • It should be certified from the government authorized organization that your business is registered.
  • Certificate of Incorporation of the applicant
  • GST certificate of the applicant
  • MSME Certificate of your business by the Ministry of Micro and Small Scale Industries.
  • Business letter head or visiting card of the applicant.
  • An invoice details bill of the business in which the following information should be entered –
    • Full details related to the sale of goods
    • Full details of purchase of goods

How to apply for ISO certificate in India:

In India, if you want an ISO certificate for your company, then you have to register your business under the Enterprise Registration of the Ministry of Micro and Small. Whose complete process we have told you further –

  • To register your enterprise, first of all visit the official website of Enterprise Registration of Government of India https://udyamregistration.gov.in/.
  • After visiting the website, you will see the button For New Entrepreneurs who are not Registered yet as MSME or those with EM-I on the home page of the Udyam Registration website. Click on the button to register.
  • After clicking on the button, the page of Aadhar Verification with OTP will open in front of you. After the page opens, enter the required details and click on the button of Validate & Generate OTP.
  • After which an OTP will come on your registered mobile number. Verify by entering the OTP and clicking on the Submit button.
  • After OTP is verified, you have to fill your business type. After filling the occupation you will be asked for your PAN number. Enter the details of PAN number and click on the button of PAN Validate.
  • After this you will be asked whether you are an income tax payer or not, if so, then select the yes button. Similarly, if you are filing GST return, then select the option of Yes.
  • After this, fill the necessary details asked in the form carefully and carefully. After filling the required details, click on the button of Submit and Get Final OTP.
  • After OTP is verified, enter the captcha code. After entering the captcha code, click on the button of Final Submit.
  • Your enterprise will be registered with the Government of India as soon as you click on the button. You can also easily print the application form for future use.
  • In this way, you can get your business registered with the Ministry of Micro and Small Industries of the Government of India through Udyam Registration.

Friends, once your business is registered, you will be able to easily apply for ISO certification of your business.

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